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2017.10.21.국가직9급 영어(이동기/김세원/손진숙/김세현/박철우)

등록 일자 : 17-10-22 08:54
영 어 나 책형 1 쪽
영 어
※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ~문 2.]
문 1. Mary : Hi, James. How's it going?
James : Hello, Mary. What can I do for you today?
Mary : How can I arrange for this package to be delivered?
James : Why don't you talk to Bob in Customer Service?
Mary : _______________________________________________
① Sure. I will deliver this package for you.
② OK. Let me take care of Bob's customers.
③ I will see you at the Customs office.
④ I tried calling his number, but no one is answering.
문 2. A : Wow! Look at the long line. I'm sure we have to
wait at least 30 minutes.
B : You're right. _________________________________
A : That's a good idea. I want to ride the roller coaster.
B : It's not my cup of tea.
A : How about the Flume Ride then? It's fun and the
line is not so long.
B : That sounds great! Let's go!
① Let's find seats for the magic show.
② Let's look for another ride.
③ Let's buy costumes for the parade.
④ Let's go to the lost and found.
※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 3. ~ 문 4.]
문 3. ① 그 클럽은 입소문을 통해서 인기를 얻었다.
→ The club became popular by word of mouth.
② 무서운 영화를 좋아한다면 이것은 꼭 봐야 할 영화이다.
→ If you like scary movies, this is a must-see movie.
③ 뒤쪽은 너무 멀어요. 중간에 앉는 걸로 타협합시다.
→ The back is too far away. Let's promise and sit in the
④ 제 예산이 빠듯합니다. 제가 쓸 수 있는 돈은 15달러뿐입니다.
→ I am on a tight budget. I only have fifteen dollars to spend.
문 4. ① 식사가 준비됐을 때, 우리는 식당으로 이동했다.
→ The dinner being ready, we moved to the dining hall.
② 저쪽에 있는 사람이 누구인지 알겠니?
→ Can you tell who that is over there?
③ 이 질병이 목숨을 앗아가는 일은 좀처럼 없다.
→ It rarely happens that this disease proves fatal.
④ 과정을 관리하면서 발전시키는 것이 나의 목표였다.
→ To control the process and making improvement was
my objectives.
※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 5. ~ 문 7.]
문 5. These days, Halloween has drifted far from its roots in
pagan and Catholic festivals, and the spirits we appease
are no longer those of the dead: needy ghosts have been
replaced by costumed children demanding treats.
① assign
② apprehend
③ pacify
④ provoke
문 6. I usually make light of my problems, and that makes
me feel better.
① consider something as serious
② treat something as unimportant
③ make an effort to solve a problem
④ seek an acceptable solution
문 7. A hamburger and French fries became the quintessential
American meal in the 1950s, thanks to the promotional
efforts of the fast food chains.
① healthiest
② affordable
③ typical
④ informal
문 8. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은?
Only New Zealand, New Caledonia and a few small
islands peek above the waves.
Lurking beneath New Zealand is a long-hidden continent
called Zealandia, geologists say. But since nobody is in
charge of officially designating a new continent, individual
scientists will ultimately have to judge for themselves.
( ① ) A team of geologists pitches the scientific case for
the new continent, arguing that Zealandia is a continuous
expanse of continental crust covering around 4.9 million
square kilometers. ( ② ) That's about the size of the
Indian subcontinent. Unlike the other mostly dry continents,
around 94 percent of Zealandia hides beneath the ocean.
( ③ ) Except those tiny areas, all parts of Zealandia
submerge under the ocean. "If we could pull the plug on
the world's oceans, it would be quite clear that Zealandia
stands out about 3,000 meters above the surrounding
ocean crust," says a geologist. ( ④ ) "If it wasn't for
the ocean level, long ago we'd have recognized Zealandia
for what it was―a continent."
영 어 나 책형 2 쪽
문 9. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
The first decades of the 17th century witnessed an
exponential growth in the understanding of the Earth and
heavens, a process usually referred to as the Scientific
Revolution. The older reliance on the philosophy of Aristotle
was fast waning in universities. In the Aristotelian system
of natural philosophy, the movements of bodies were
explained 'causally' in terms of the amount of the four
elements (earth, water, air, fire) that they possessed, and
objects moved up or down to their 'natural' place depending
on the preponderance of given elements of which they
were composed. Natural philosophy was routinely contrasted
with 'mixed mathematical' subjects such as optics,
hydrostatics, and harmonics, where numbers could be
applied to measurable external quantities such as length
or duration.
① There was an increase in the knowledge of the Earth and
heavens in the early 17th century.
② Dependence on the philosophy of Aristotle was on the
decline in universities in the 17th century.
③ Natural philosophy proposed four elements to explain the
movements of bodies.
④ In natural philosophy, numbers were routinely put to use
for measurable external quantities.
문 10. 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하는 것은?
Stressful events early in a person's life, such as neglect
or abuse, can have psychological impacts into adulthood.
New research shows that these effects may persist in
their children and even their grandchildren. Larry James
and Lorena Schmidt, biochemists at the Tufts School of
Medicine, caused chronic social stress in adolescent mice
by regularly relocating them to new cages over the course
of seven weeks. The researchers then tested these stressed
mice in adulthood using a series of standard laboratory
measures for rodent anxiety, such as how long the mice
spent in open areas of a maze and how frequently they
approached mice they had never met before. Female mice
showed more anxious behaviors compared with control
animals, whereas the males did not. Both sexes' offspring
displayed more anxious behaviors, however, and the males
who had been stressed as adolescents even transmitted
these behavior patterns to their female grandchildren and
① Your grandfather's stress when he was an adolescent
might make you more anxious.
② Early stressful experiences alleviate anxiety later in life.
③ Constant moving from one place to another can benefit
④ Chronic social stress cannot be caused by relocation.
문 11. 밑줄 친 부분에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
○ She's disappointed about their final decision, but she'll
___________ it eventually.
○ It took me a very long time to ___________ the shock
of her death.
① get away ② get down
③ get ahead ④ get over
문 12. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은?
Through the ages, industrious individuals have continuously
created conveniences to make life easier. From the
invention of the wheel to the lightbulb, inventions have
propelled society forward.
(A) In addition, interactive media can be used to question
a lecturer or exchange opinions with other students
via e-mail. Such computerized lectures give students
access to knowledge that was previously unavailable.
(B) One recent modern invention is the computer, which
has improved many aspects of people's lives. This is
especially true in the field of education. One important
effect of computer technology on higher education is
the availability of lectures.
(C) As a result of the development of computer networks,
students can obtain lectures from many universities
in real time. They are now able to sit down in front
of a digital screen and listen to a lecture being given
at another university.
① (A) - (B) - (C) ② (B) - (C) - (A)
③ (C) - (A) - (B) ④ (C) - (B) - (A)
※ 어법상 옳은 것을 고르시오. [문 13. ~ 문 14.]
문 13. ① Undergraduates are not allowed to using equipments in the
② The extent of Mary's knowledge on various subjects
astound me.
③ If she had been at home yesterday, I would have visited her.
④ I regret to inform you that your loan application has not
문 14. ① My father was in the hospital during six weeks.
② The whole family is suffered from the flu.
③ She never so much as mentioned it.
④ She would like to be financial independent.
※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 15. ~문 17.]
문 15. As a middle-class Jew growing up in an ethnically mixed
Chicago neighborhood, I was already in danger of being
beaten up daily by rougher working-class boys. Becoming
a bookworm would only have given them a decisive reason
for beating me up. Reading and studying were more
permissible for girls, but they, too, had to be careful not
to get too __________________, lest they acquire the stigma
of being 'stuck up.'
① athletic ② intellectual
③ hospitable ④ inexperienced
영 어 나 책형 3 쪽
문 16. You asked us, "What keeps satellites from falling out of
the sky?" Over the last half-century, more than 2,500
satellites have followed the first one into space. What
keeps them all afloat? It is a delicate balance between
a satellite's speed and the pull of gravity. Satellites are
__________________________________________. Crazy, right?
They fall at the same rate that the curve of the Earth
falls away from them if they're moving at the right speed.
Which means instead of racing farther out into space or
spiraling down to Earth, they hang out in orbit around
the planet. Corrections are often needed to keep a satellite
on the straight and narrow. Earth's gravity is stronger
in some places than others. Satellites can get pulled
around by the sun, the moon and even the planet Jupiter.
① created to shut off once they are in orbit
② designed to intensify the Earth's gravity
③ theoretically pulling other planets
④ basically continuously falling
문 17. Rosberg observed that color advertisements in the trade
publication Industrial Marketing produced more attention
than black and white advertisements. It is an interesting
historical sidelight to note that the color advertisements
in Rosberg's study were considerably more expensive to
run than corresponding black and white advertisements.
Although the color advertisements did produce more
attention, they did not attract as many readers per dollar
as the black and white advertisements. Today, the
technology, economy, and efficiency of printing has
progressed to the point where color advertisements are
no longer so rare. As a result, color advertisements
may no longer be an 'exception.' In some color, glossy
magazines, or on television, color advertisements may be
so common that the rare black and white advertisement
now attracts attention due to ______________.
① contrast ② hostility
③ deportation ④ charity
문 18. 다음 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은?
Researchers have developed a new model they said will
provide better estimates about the North Atlantic right
whale population, and the news isn't good. ① The model
could be critically important to efforts to save the
endangered species, which is in the midst of a year of
high mortality, said Peter Corkeron, who leads the large
whale team for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration's Northeast Fisheries Science Center.
②The agency said the analysis shows the probability the
population has declined since 2010 is nearly 100 percent.
③ "One problem was, are they really going down or are
we not seeing them? They really have gone down, and
that's the bottom line," Corkeron said. ④ The new
research model has successfully demonstrated that the
number of right whales has remained intact despite the
worrisome, widening population gap between whale males
and females.
문 19. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
When the gong sounds, almost every diner at Beijing
restaurant Duck de Chine turns around. That's because
one of the city's greatest culinary shows is about to
begin―the slicing of a Peking duck. Often voted by local
guides in China as the best Peking duck in the city, the
skin on Duck de Chine's birds is crispy and caramelized,
its meat tender and juicy. "Our roasted duck is a little
different than elsewhere," says An Ding, manager of Duck
de Chine. "We use jujube wood, which is over 60 years
old, and has a strong fruit scent, giving the duck especially
crispy skin and a delicious flavor." The sweet hoisin
sauce, drizzled over sliced spring onions and cucumbers
and encased with the duck skin in a thin pancake, is
another highlight. "The goal of our service is to focus on
the details," says Ding. "It includes both how we present
the roasted duck, and the custom sauces made for our
guests." Even the plates and the chopsticks holders are
duck-shaped. Duck de Chine also boasts China's first
Bollinger Champagne Bar. Though Peking duck is the
star, there are plenty of other worthy dishes on the menu.
The restaurant serves both Cantonese and Beijing cuisine,
but with a touch of French influence.
① The restaurant presents a culinary performance.
② The restaurant is highly praised in Beijing.
③ The restaurant features a special champagne bar.
④ The restaurant only serves dishes from the Beijing region.
문 20. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
Since dog baths tend to be messy, time-consuming and
not a whole lot of fun for everyone involved, it's natural to
wonder, "How often should I bathe my dog?" As is often
the case, the answer is "____________________________."
"Dogs groom themselves to help facilitate the growth of
hair follicles and to support skin health," says Dr. Adam
Denish of Rhawnhurst Animal Hospital. "However, bathing
is needed for most dogs to supplement the process. But
bathing too often can be detrimental to your pet as well.
It can irritate the skin, damage hair follicles, and increase
the risk of bacterial or fungal infections." Dr. Jennifer
Coates, veterinary advisor with petMD, adds, "the best
bath frequency depends on the reason behind the bath.
Healthy dogs who spend most of their time inside may
only need to be bathed a few times a year to control
natural 'doggy odors.' On the other hand, frequent bathing
is a critical part of managing some medical conditions,
like allergic skin disease."
① It depends
② Just once
③ Bathing is never necessary
④ When the bath is detrimental to your dog