영 어 A 책형 1 쪽
※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ～문 3.]
문 1. During both World Wars, government subsidies and
demands for new airplanes vastly improved techniques
for their design and construction.
① financial support ② long-term planning
③ technical assistance ④ non-restrictive policy
문 2. Tuesday night's season premiere of the TV show seemed
to be trying to strike a balance between the show's
convoluted mythology and its more human, character-driven
① ancient ② unrelated
③ complicated ④ otherworldly
문 3. By the time we wound up the conversation, I knew that
I would not be going to Geneva.
① initiated ② resumed
③ terminated ④ interrupted
문 4. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
A police sergeant with 15 years of experience was dismayed
after being ___________ for promotion in favor of a young
① run over ② asked out
③ carried out ④ passed over
문 5. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳은 것은?
Last week I was sick with the flu. When my father
① heard me sneezing and coughing, he opened my
bedroom door to ask me ②that I needed anything. I was
really happy to see his kind and caring face, but there
wasn't ③ anything he could do it to ④ make the flu to
문 6. 어법상 옳은 것은?
① A week's holiday has been promised to all the office workers.
② She destined to live a life of serving others.
③ A small town seems to be preferable than a big city for
④ Top software companies are finding increasingly challenging
to stay ahead.
※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 7. ～문 8.]
문 7. A : How do you like your new neighborhood?
B : It's great for the most part. I love the clean air and
the green environment.
A : Sounds like a lovely place to live.
B : Yes, but it's not without its drawbacks.
A : Like what?
B : For one, it doesn't have many different stores. For
example, there's only one supermarket, so food is
A : _______________________________________
B : You're telling me. But thank goodness. The city is
building a new shopping center now. Next year, we'll
have more options.
① How many supermarkets are there?
② Are there a lot of places to shop there?
③ It looks like you have a problem.
④ I want to move to your neighborhood.
문 8. A : So, Mr. Wong, how long have you been living in
New York City?
B : I've been living here for about seven years.
A : Can you tell me about your work experience?
B : I've been working at a pizzeria for the last three years.
A : What do you do there?
B : I seat the customers and wait on them.
A : How do you like your job?
B : It's fine. Everyone's really nice.
A : __________________________________________________
B : It's just that I want to work in a more formal
A : Okay. Is there anything else you would like to add?
B : I am really good with people. And I can also speak
Italian and Chinese.
A : I see. Thank you very much. I'll be in touch shortly.
B : I hope to hear from you soon.
① So, what is the environment like there?
② Then, why are you applying for this job?
③ But are there any foreign languages you are good at?
④ And what qualities do you think are needed to work here?
문 9. 우리말을 영어로 옳게 옮긴 것은?
① 내가 열쇠를 잃어버리지 않았더라면 모든 것이 괜찮았을텐데.
→ Everything would have been OK if I haven't lost my keys.
② 그 영화가 너무 지루해서 나는 삼십 분 후에 잠이 들었어.
→ The movie was so bored that I fell asleep after half an hour.
③ 내가 산책에 같이 갈 수 있는지 네게 알려줄게.
→ I will let you know if I can accompany with you on your
④ 내 컴퓨터가 작동을 멈췄을 때, 나는 그것을 고치기 위해 컴퓨터
가게로 가져 갔어.
→ When my computer stopped working, I took it to the
computer store to get it fixed.
영 어 A 책형 2 쪽
문 10. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은?
① 예산은 처음 기대했던 것보다 약 25 퍼센트 더 높다.
→ The budget is about 25 % higher than originally expecting.
② 시스템 업그레이드를 위해 해야 될 많은 일이 있다.
→ There is a lot of work to be done for the system upgrade.
③ 그 프로젝트를 완성하는데 최소 한 달, 어쩌면 더 긴 시간이
→ It will take at least a month, maybe longer to complete
④ 월급을 두 배 받는 그 부서장이 책임을 져야 한다.
→ The head of the department, who receives twice the
salary, has to take responsibility.
문 11. 밑줄 친 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
The decline in the number of domestic adoptions in
developed countries is mainly the result of a falling supply
of domestically adoptable children. In those countries, the
widespread availability of safe and reliable contraception
combined with the pervasive postponement of childbearing
as well as with legal access to abortion in most of them
has resulted in a sharp reduction of unwanted births and,
consequently, in a reduction of the number of adoptable
children. (A) , single motherhood is no longer
stigmatized as it once was and single mothers can count
on State support to help them keep and raise their children.
(B) , there are not enough adoptable children
in developed countries for the residents of those countries
wishing to adopt, and prospective adoptive parents have
increasingly resorted to adopting children abroad.
① However Consequently
② However In summary
③ Furthermore Nonetheless
④ Furthermore As a consequence
문 12. 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 것은?
A story that is on the cutting edge of modern science
began in an isolated part of northern Sweden in the 19th
century. ① This area of the country had unpredictable
harvests through the first half of the century. In years
that the harvest failed, the population went hungry.
However, the good years were very good. ② The same
people who went hungry during bad harvests overate
significantly during the good years. A Swedish scientist
wondered about the long-term effects of these eating
patterns. He studied the harvest and health records of
the area. He was astonished by what he found. ③ Boys
who overate during the good years produced children and
grandchildren who died about six years earlier than the
children and grandchildren of those who had very little
to eat. Other scientists found the same result for girls.
④Both boys and girls benefited greatly from the harvests
of the good years. The scientists were forced to conclude
that just one reason of overeating could have a negative
impact that continued for generations.
※ 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오. [문 13. ～ 문 14.]
문 13. There is a basic principle that distinguishes a hot medium
like radio from a cool one like the telephone, or a hot
medium like the movie from a cool one like TV. A hot
medium is one that extends one single sense in "high
definition." High definition is the state of being well filled
with data. A photograph is visually "high definition." A
cartoon is "low definition," simply because very little visual
information is provided. Telephone is a cool medium, or one
of low definition, because the ear is given a meager amount
of information. And speech is a cool medium of low
definition, because so little is given and so much has to be
filled in by the listener. On the other hand, hot media do not
leave so much to be filled in or completed by the audience.
① Media can be classified into hot and cool.
② A hot medium is full of data.
③ Telephone is considered high definition.
④ Cool media leave much to be filled in by the audience.
문 14. December usually marks the start of humpback whale
season in Hawaii, but experts say the animals have been
slow to return this year. The giant whales are an iconic
part of winter on the islands and a source of income for
tour operators. But officials at the Humpback Whale Marine
Sanctuary said they've been getting reports that the
whales have been difficult to spot so far. "One theory
was that something like this happened as whales increased.
It's a product of their success. With more animals, they're
competing against each other for food resources, and it
takes an energy of reserve to make the long trip back,"
said Ed Lyman, a Maui-based resource protection manager
and response coordinator for the sanctuary. He was
surprised by how few of the animals he saw while
responding to a call about a distressed calf on Christmas
Eve, saying "We've just seen a handful of whales." It
will be a while before officials have hard numbers because
the annual whale counts don't take place until the last
Saturday of January, February and March, according to
former sanctuary co-manager Jeff Walters.
① Humpback whale season in Hawaii normally begins at the
end of the year.
② Humpback whales are profitable for tour operators in Hawaii.
③ The drop in the number of humpback whales spotted in
Hawaii may be due to their success.
④ The number of humpback whales that have returned to
Hawaii this whale season has been officially calculated.
영 어 A 책형 3 쪽
문 15. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은?
However, should understanding not occur, you will find
yourself soon becoming drowsy.
Dictionaries are your most reliable resources for the
study of words. Yet the habit of using them needs to
be cultivated. Of course, it can feel like an annoying
interruption to stop your reading and look up a word. You
might tell yourself that if you keep going, you would
eventually understand it from the context. ( ① ) Indeed,
reading study guides often advise just that. ( ② ) Often
it's not the need for sleep that is occurring but a gradual
loss of consciousness. ( ③ ) The knack here is to recognize
the early signs of word confusion before drowsiness takes
over when it is easier to exert sufficient willpower to
grab a dictionary for word study. ( ④ ) Although this
special effort is needed, once the meaning is clarified, the
perceptible sense of relief makes the effort worthwhile.
문 16. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?
It is easy to look at the diverse things people produce and
to describe their differences. Obviously a poem is not a
mathematical formula, and a novel is not an experiment in
genetics. Composers clearly use a different language from
that of visual artists, and chemists combine very different
things than do playwrights. To characterize people by
the different things they make, however, is to miss the
universality of how they create. For at the level of the
creative process, scientists, artists, mathematicians,
composers, writers, and sculptors use a common set of
what we call "tools for thinking," including emotional
feelings, visual images, bodily sensations, reproducible
patterns, and analogies. And all imaginative thinkers learn
to translate ideas generated by these subjective thinking
tools into public languages to express their insights, which
can then give rise to new ideas in others' minds.
① obstacles to imaginative thinking
② the difference between art and science
③ the commonality of the creative process
④ distinctive features of various professions
※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 17. ～문 19.]
문 17. There are few simple answers in science. Even seemingly
straightforward questions, when probed by people in search
of proof, lead to more questions. Those questions lead to
nuances, layers of complexity and, more often than we
might expect, ______________________________________.
In the 1990s, researchers asking "How do we fight
oxygen-hungry cancer cells?" offered an obvious solution:
Starve them of oxygen by cutting off their blood supply.
But as Laura Beil describes in "Deflating Cancer," oxygen
deprivation actually drives cancer to grow and spread.
Scientists have responded by seeking new strategies: Block
the formation of collagen highways, for instance, or even,
as Beil writes, give the cells "more blood, not less."
① plans that end up unrealized
② conclusions that contradict initial intuition
③ great inventions that start from careful observations
④ misunderstandings that go against scientific progress
문 18. Before the lecture began, the speaker of the day distributed
photocopies of his paper to each of the audience, and
I got one and leafed through it and grasped the main idea
of the text. Waiting for him to begin, I prayed in silence
that this speaker would not read but speak instead directly
to the audience with his own words about what he
knew on the subject. But to my great disappointment,
Soon I found I was mechanically following the printed
words on the paper in my hand.
① was afraid of making his lecture too formal
② elaborated on his theories without looking at his paper
③ began to read his lengthy and well-prepared paper faithfully
④ made use of lots of humorous gestures to attract the audience
문 19. In a famous essay on Tolstoy, the liberal philosopher Sir
Isaiah Berlin distinguished between two kinds of thinkers
by harking back to an ancient saying attributed to the
Greek lyric poet Archilochus (seventh century BC): "The
fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big
thing." Hedgehogs have one central idea and see the world
exclusively through the prism of that idea. They overlook
complications and exceptions, or mold them to fit into their
world view. There is one true answer that fits at all times
and all circumstances. Foxes, for whom Berlin had greater
sympathy, have a variegated take on the world, which
prevents them from ________________________________.
They are skeptical of grand theories as they feel the
world's complexity prevents generalizations. Berlin thought
Dante was a hedgehog while Shakespeare was a fox.
① behaving rationally
② finding multiple solutions
③ articulating one big slogan
④ grasping the complications of the world
문 20. 다음 글에서 Locke의 주장으로 가장 적절한 것은?
In Locke's defense of private property, the significant point
is what happens when we mix our labor with God's land.
We add value to the land by working it; we make fertile
what once lay fallow. In this sense, it is our labor that is
the source of the value, or the added value, of the land.
This value-creating power of my labor makes it right that
I own the piece of land which I have made valuable by
clearing it, the well I have made full by digging it, the
animals I have raised and fattened. With Locke, Homo
faber―the man of labor―becomes for the first time in the
history of political thought a central rather than peripheral
figure. In Locke's world, status and honor still flowed to
the aristocrats, who were entitled to vast landholdings
but were letting history pass them by precisely because
new economic realities were in the process of shifting
wealth to a bourgeoisie that actually created value by
work. In time, Locke's elevation of the significance of
labor was bound to appeal to the rising bourgeoisie.
① Ownership of property comes from labor.
② Labor is the most important ideal to aristocratic society.
③ The accumulation of private property is a source of happiness.
④ A smooth transition to bourgeois society is essential for